Everyone tends to experience something that they are aware of. For some people, a gummy smile which is known as an excessive gum display is their greatest insecurity. The presence of excessive gum tissue above the upper enamels can often make their smile less attractive.
Research has shown that up to 25 percent of the population, especially women, tend to have excessive gum presentation. A gummy smile can be caused by an irregular tooth rash, a problem with jaw development, an inappropriate bite, an upper lip that is too short, or an overactive upper lip. Extremely enlarged gums known as gingival enlargement and an overgrowth of the upper jaw known as vertical jaw excess can also cause the gums to swell.
A gum smile can certainly be repaired, but the type of treatment will depend on the factors causing the excessive gum display. Karishma Jaradi, Chief Dental Surgeon at Dentzz Dental shares some treatment options that will make it easier to create a beautiful and healthy smile:
Orthodontic treatment: If your gummy smile is mild and is the result of orthodontic issues like a bad bite or minor jaw issues, a simple orthodontic procedure can help. Orthodontics such as braces will make it easier to correct jaw and bite problems, which can help improve the appearance of your gums while you smile.
Veneers or crowns: Some patients may find their upper set of enamels appear too short, which affects the amount of gum tissue visible when smiling. It can be the result of wear and tear and even genetics. In such a case, simple but effective dental restorations like veneers or dental crowns can be used to make your teeth look longer. This will facilitate the balance between your teeth and your gums, which will make your smile less gummy.
Crown lengthening procedures: Also known as a gingivectomy, crown lengthening treatments are cosmetic procedures that are performed to lengthen the crown when enamels appear short. In such treatments, gum tissue or bone is extracted to further expose the tooth, allowing the gums to retract into their proper position. This will bring proportion to your teeth and gums.
Jaw aesthetics: In cases where the jawbone appears to be too wide, typically more than 7mm of exposed gum tissue, a bone shortening treatment known as orthognathic surgery may be performed by an expert orthodontist and oral surgeon. This procedure involves the surgical movement of the entire jaw upward.
Lip aesthetics: If you suffer from a short or overactive upper lip, more of your gum tissue will be visible when you smile. A lip repositioning procedure can help make your smile less gummy.
Laser gum contour: Gum contouring is a minimally invasive cosmetic dental procedure that involves gentle but precise contouring of the gum line. By using specialized dental lasers, your dental expert can remove the extra gum tissue. The remaining tissue is then reshaped to make it easier to expose more of your teeth, helping to avoid a gummy smile.